It is important to
note that those who know and practice daily the sacred mayan calendar
Cholq'ij (Tzolkin) are the Ajq'ij, spiritual guides.
In K'iche' language, the etymology
of the term is :
- AJ : prefix meaning
- Q'IJ : Sun / day.
It can be translated as
"daykeeper". The plural of Ajq'ij is Ajq'ijab' known as
Mayan priests or spiritual guides.
They are people, men and women, who practice the
count of time (count of days) and guide the people.
Their word, feeling, intuition, knowledge,
experience and wisdom were grown/expanded in the oral tradition,
their authority is only moral and lies in the recognition and
acceptance of the community/society.
After spending an
accompanying process - generally long - in the Xukulem
(ceremonies) with elders, they use the "Sut re jolomaj",
a cloth covering the head, and the "Pas",
a red belt that is worn to balance their energies during
ceremonies, which distinguish them from other members of the community.
The Sut represents the four corners of the universe
and the four corners of the inner and outer world. The Pas is
the serpent that symbolizes the thread of life and time, it is
red as in mayan philosophical thought it represents the energy,
clarity, strength and life.
Calendario Sagrado Maya - metodo para el computo de tiempo)
We called Ajq'ij (Spiritual
Guide), the person, man or woman, who assumes the task
of harmonizing, balancing the human life in relationship
with our Qachuch Qajaw,
the Ancestors and Mother Earth Nature through personal,
family and community guidance.
The Ajq'ij knows perfectly, interprets
and applies the Mayan calendar.
Alvaro Ruplin Walburga (1995:28)
says that “the Ajq'ijab' have their vara
(stick of power; Tz'ite') which is considered as the Ajq'ij´s
spiritual partner. So being Spiritual Guide is a
commitment and mutual care between the vara and the
person.” He is the mediator between the social
and cosmic energies. In tz'ite grains are included the Nawal,
the potential of the Ajq'ij. However, the vara is not
given automatically, it requires a training process, belief,
conviction and observance of all principles/rules and attention
to the Nawales energies and in ceremonial places.
If the person
does not comply with these precepts/requirements, it will be
a hypocrite who deceives the community, and sooner or later, the energies of
the Cosmos will give him his "Xik'ay."
The term Xik'ay means branches of shrubs used
by the parents to correct severely faults/negligence
committed by their daughters and sons. The cosmic
energies correct severely the liar/misleading ;
then failures, pain and suffering occur,
up to remain in the dark he had built himself.
(Source: Calendario Maya CCAM 2013)
Ajq'ijab have an important role today; they retained the
cosmovision of the Maya people, developing culture. They
retrieved the sacred covering where are kept symbols of
infinity, the memory of the Creators.
are the spiritual guides of the Mayan community, their
role is to guide the community in all fields of life,
both spiritual and material (political, economic, social and
cultural). They keep the knowledge of Mayan science,
which are unknown for ordinary people, as the meaning and domain
of the different calendars
and their impact on humans. Mayan spirituality
has been transmitted from generation
The Ajq'ij have many privileges that are
not common to other people and that's why they are
spiritual guide. They can have a direct relationship with positive
energies, reject negative energies, regulate or
establish the balance. The Ajq'ij will coordinate all the
energies of man, nature and cosmos.
Ajq'ij, is a true vocation that has much to do with his birthday
according to the Mayan calendar, its special character is
defined by the day he was born and the day he was conceived,
and his regent symbol has something essential
that a spiritual guide should have.
are the days counters, establishing schedules...
have the ability to heal by their power of concentration, to attract
positive energies and reject negative energies of a person by their
The medium is a person who can communicate with other disappeared
beings, to receive guidance, for strength to do his work, or
to perform a good deed or a cure, to serve the